[Note: We found this on the website of the World Federalist Association. It was part of a petition drive to get President Clinton to sign off on the statute for the Internationl Court in Rome.]
In April 1998, Pesident Clinton stood before a group of Rwandan genocide survivors and told his audience that to prevent future "genocidal violence, nothing is more vital than establishing the rule of law." Clinton continued,
"[W]e must make it clear to all those who would commit such acts in the future that they too must answer for their acts, and they will. Internationally, as we meet here, talks are underway at the United Nations to establish a permanent international criminal court. And the United States will work to see that it [the ICC] is created."
Three months later, President Clinton reneged on his promise to the Rwandan genocide survivors when his envoys voted against the ICC in Rome. On July 17, 1998 in Rome, the Statute for the ICC was adopted by 120 nations voting "yes" and only 7 nations voting "no." The U.S. delegation voted against the treaty, along with such dubious company as China, Iraq, Quatar, Yemen, and Libya.
The ICC Statute stipulates that after December 31, 2000, the treaty will not be open for signature, only to accession. (This means that the Senate would need to ratify the treaty for the U.S. to be a signatory.)
Proposed Rule: The U.S. has continued to participate in the Preparatory Commission (PrepComm: the process through which the practical arrangements for the establishment of the court are made). During the PrepComms, the U.S. has made a number of important contributions, but has consistently tried to introduce technical 'fixes' to keep American officials out of the reach of the court.
The U.S. originally floated its proposal informally during the March session of the PrepComm, and is planning to formally introduce it during the upcoming June 12-30 session. The proposal consists of a change to Article 98 and a supplemental text that would prohibit the Court from seeking to try an individual who claimed to be acting in an official capacity for his/her country, unless the country in question consented or the Security Council passed a resolution under its Chapter VII authority.